An analysis of how the universe began in the big bang theory

But eventually, after numerous billion years of expansion, the growing abundance of dark energy caused the expansion of the universe to slowly begin to accelerate. The explosion was one of space within itself. Since the universe has a finite age, and light travels at a finite speed, there may be events in the past whose light has not had time to reach us.

The only photons electromagnetic radiation, or "light" in the universe were the photons released during decoupling now observed as the cosmic microwave background and 21 cm wavelength radio emissions occasionally emitted by hydrogen atoms.

Features of the model The Big Bang theory depends on two major assumptions: Dark Ages and large-scale structure emergencefromyears until about 1 billion years. Intwo astronomers, Arno Penzias and Robert Wilson, in an effort to detect microwaves from outer space, accidentally discovered a noise of an extraterrestrial source.

If the expansion of the universe continues to acceleratethere is a future horizon as well. The discovery and confirmation of the CMB in secured the Big Bang as the best theory of the origin and evolution of the universe. These redshifts are uniformly isotropic, distributed evenly among the observed objects in all directions.

During the first second or so of the universe large amounts of energy, known as photons, smashed together and changed their energy into mass. The universe gradually transitioned into the universe we see around us today, and the Dark Ages only fully came to an end at about 1 billion years.

Essay on The Big Bang Theory

Era of Atoms Cosmic Microwave Background, relic radiation from the birth of the universe. The newly formed atoms — mainly hydrogen and helium with traces of lithium — quickly reach their lowest energy state ground state by releasing photons " photon decoupling "and these photons can still be detected today as the cosmic microwave background CMB.

Imagine the galaxies hurrying away as in a movie; run the movie backwards and after a time all those galaxies will rush together. Of these features, dark matter is currently subjected to the most active laboratory investigations. The era ended with the separation of electromagnetism from the weak force.

Examining the CMB also gives astronomers clues as to the composition of the universe. While the majority of the astronomical community accepts the theory, there are some theorists who have alternative explanations besides the Big Bang — such as eternal inflation or an oscillating universe.

The expansion since the origin of the universe has redshifted the initially energetic photons to microwave wavelengths.

Accelerating expansion of the universe Independent lines of evidence from Type Ia supernovae and the CMB imply that the universe today is dominated by a mysterious form of energy known as dark energywhich apparently permeates all of space.

The Big Bang Theory is the leading explanation about how the universe began. At some time the Stelliferous Era will end as stars are no longer being born, and the expansion of the universe will mean that the observable universe becomes limited to local galaxies.

What Is the Big Bang Theory? Inastronomers said they had found evidence in the CMB concerning "B-modes," a sort of polarization generated as the universe got bigger and created gravitational waves.

It was first predicted by Ralph Alpher and other scientists inbut was found only by accident almost 20 years later. XDF image shows fully mature galaxies in the foreground plane — nearly mature galaxies from 5 to 9 billion years ago — protogalaxiesblazing with young starsbeyond 9 billion years.

It was not like the explosion of a bomb where fragments are thrown outward LaRocco 1. The early universelasting aroundyears. This period is known as the Dark Ages. Different stages of the very early universe are understood to different extents. He did not grasp the cosmological implications of this fact, and indeed at the time it was highly controversial whether or not these nebulae were "island universes" outside our Milky Way.

In this model the universe is roughly the same at any point in time. As the universe continued to cool, protons and neutrons combined to form helium and other light nuclei.Eventually, the observational evidence, most notably from radio source counts, began to favor Big Bang over Steady State.

Chronology of the universe

The discovery and confirmation of the CMB in secured the Big Bang as the best theory of the origin and evolution of the universe. The Big Bang Theory is the leading explanation about how the universe began.

At its simplest, it talks about the universe as we know it starting with a small singularity, then inflating over the next billion years to the cosmos that we know today. Science/Physics/Big Bang Theory The Big Bang Theory: How the Universe Began The Big Bang Theory is the most widely accepted theory of how the universe began.

It states that the universe started when all.

What’s the Origin of the Universe? What happened during the Big Bang?

Origins of the Universe The most popular theory of our universe's origin centers on a cosmic cataclysm unmatched in all of history—the big bang. This theory was born of the observation that other galaxies are moving away from our own at great speed, in all directions, as if they had all been propelled by an ancient explosive force.

the study of the origin, properties, processes, and evolution of the universe big bang theory the theory that state the universe began with a.

What Is the Big Bang Theory?

Mar 03,  · How did everything get started? Has the universe a beginning or was it here since forever? Well, evidence suggests that there was indeed a starting point to this universe we are part of right now.

An analysis of how the universe began in the big bang theory
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