He compares the oppressors as a cowardly pack because the Whites were hunting Africans in notorious mobs and not individually. The writer provided several examples to indicate some of the disheartening abuse that people experienced and how they would unfortunately die from the abuse.
He stated that since the white when they want to kill a black they would come as a group to kill him since they knew how powerful the blacks are.
It is this code which allows for a moral struggle against those who debase themselves through acts of oppression. He says If we must die, o let us nobly die So that our precious blood may not be shed In vain!
This specific sonnet create feelings of inspiration and motivation for readers during the period of time when anti-black riots seem to transcend beyond the norm, thus prompting readers to believe that this particular poem referred specifically to whites and blacks.
The stories sparked caused a series of twenty riots during the summer ofbeginning with white lynch mob murderous group that targeted blacks in Washington. However, I feel McKay contradicts his belief after gaining recognition in regards to this particular sonnet because he and many others felt the sonnet would offend white readers.
The persona is aware that they are oppressed by their whites counterparts. There is a use of enjambment where the line of a poem elongates to the next one to get the full meaning of it. It is same with our lives journey and how we struggle through life. We know this from the history of the poet and the fact that blacks were hunted, penned locked in small cells and killed like hogs pigs in America.
Also, since the poem is the sonnet, the theme usually love, and here it was the love of black nationalism. If we must die, let it not be like hogs Hunted and penned in an inglorious spot.
The persona is surely not afraid of death. He is also aware that whether they fight or not they are bound to die one day. Many African American were fascinated to his poetry by his frequently explosive condemnations of bigotry and oppression. He concluded the poem by saying even if they were pushed back to a wall in a fight, they should continue fighting until they die to the end.
We must meet our common foe Though far outnumbered. We must meet our common foe! The speaker speaks about death in a more practical sense - he is actually facing it. How do you know?
A pack is a group of dogs or wolves hunting together. So it is noble to die fighting than to die doing nothing. They are arrested with no reason, jailed and killed like pigs. If we must die let it not be like hogs viii.
The speaker telling the black in the form of a question that if you fight back or not they will die, but what lies in between is the grave that the white want blacks to be in and to cause death.
If we must die, o let us nobly die So that our precious blood may not be shed In vain; then the monsters we defy Shall be constrained to honor us though dead.
Since the poem not divided into stanzas, the poetic structure would be stitchic for the poem. At the beginning of the poem the poetic speaker described blacks by using animals metaphor, but in the ninth line, he changed it into a human language where he described the black as his people who relate to him as in the same culture and situation of suffering.
It is a sonnet that consists of fourteen-line with an intricate rhyme scheme. But if they must die, it is better to die fighting so that they may be honoured later than dying while doing nothing. Rhetorical question o What though before us lies an open grave? He went to Kansas to study agriculture at the time when Ku Klux Klan was highly active.
Though if and must are contradictory terms, the sense of compulsory and necessity resonates throughout the poem.
The descriptive words such as inglorious, mad, angry, murderous, and cowardly clearly state how the poet feel about the way he does not want to die. The poem is about the torture, humiliation and oppression the people of African origin were suffering in America and their determination to fight back.The poem “If We Must Die”() was written in by Claude McKay when the anti-blacks riots start to spread into other cities in Chicago where they chased blacks to kill them and send them back to their country.
It is a sonnet that consists of fourteen-line with an intricate rhyme scheme. Among others of note, Harlem Shadows contains what became McKay’s signature poem. If We Must Die. Ironically constructed in the form of a Shakespearean love sonnet, “If We Must Die” is a political protest against racial oppression.
Transcript of Analysis of Claude McKay's If We Must Die The poem was published during the Harlem Renaissance () The Harlem Renaissance was caused when a great number of Southern African Americans fled to the North.
Claude McKay was one of the famous poems in the Harlem Renaissance time. In Claude McKay’s poem “If We Must Die” he uses imagery and describes the poem to deliver feeling by comparing the problems to symbols like animals or objects that his readers can relate to.
He was referring to the bloodshed and massacre of /5(25). This was the motivation behind McKay’s “If We Must Die” He wrote the poem amid the violence and bloodshed ofand in this poem he encourages his community to take action and fight back.
THEMATIC ANALYSIS. Claude McKay (September 15, May 22, ) was a Jamaican-American author who advocated black self-determination; that is, he believed that African-Americans should rely on themselves to become independent and free.
McKay's poem "If We Must Die" provides a good glimpse of his beliefs.Download